India General Service Medal 1854 “Persia”

 

Anglo-Persian War 5th December 1856- 8th February 1857

The bar was authorized on 12th April 1858.

 

Naming: Impressed in block capitals, the letters on the naval medals are smaller than those found on the army medals.

 

The war was caused by the reoccupation of the city of Herat by the Persians. This city, said to be he key to Afghanistan, was formally annexed by them on 25th October, 1856. War was declared on 1st November, and on the 10th an Indian naval squadron commanded by Commodore Young bombarded Bushire, which surrendered. On the arrival of Major-General Sir James Outram with an expeditionary force an advance was made inland from Bushire to Boorzgoon (or Brazjun), where many stores were captured. During the withdrawal the force was attacked at Kooshab on 7th February, 1857. The Persians were heavily defeated. After his return to Bushire, Outram left Major-General Stalker to hold the town, whilst he (Outram) crossed the Persian Gulf to the delta of the Euphrates, up which he advanced to Mohamrah, some sixty miles inland. On 26th March the Navy bombarded the strong Persian positions and forts. After a shot while they were either silenced or completely destroyed, so that troops were landed under Brigadier-General Havelock, who promptly entered the city and captured a further large supply of stores. He very generously gave full credit for the ease with which he accomplished his mission to the Navy, who in turn owed its immunity from heavy casualties to the foresight of Commander Rennie, who gave orders for the bombarding ships to be surrounded with trusses of hay!

 

The Persians withdrew to Akwaz, about a hundred miles up the Karoon river, where they were again attacked by Commander Rennie and a small force composed of about 300 men of the 64th and 78th Foot under Captain Hunt. The town was captured on 1st April, after which the force returned to Mohamrah, where it learnt that peace had been signed in Paris on 4th March under the terms of which Herat was to be evacuated by the Persians.

 

The North Staffordshire Regiment and the Durham Light Infantry both carry Bushire and Khoosh-ab on their colours.

 

Three Victoria Crosses were awarded during this expedition- Colonel J.A. Wood 20th Bombay Native Infantry, Major General A.T. Moore, 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry and Captain J.G. Malcolm, 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry.